Medical waste means hazardous waste material generated on account of healthcare activities. This waste remains a problem both for public health and environmental surroundings. The management of exactly the same is often a technique adopted in hospitals to cut back the squander generated in order to find solutions to recycle these components as a way to lower the disposal costs and new material expenses.
The main features and approaches of Medical Waste Management are:
1. All types of medical dissipate left as soon as the performance of healthcare activities needs to be treated before being disposed.
2. Medical squanders include bio-hazardous and sharp materials like needles, syringes generated on account of:
- Production or testing of biological
3. Medical waste really should not be wrongly identified as:
- Medical solid elements like sponges, cotton because they are not bio-hazardous.
- Household waste
- The excretes produced by livestock management on farms
- The squander generated in food processing which does not contain blood, infectious agents or blood products.
4. There are certain methods approved to the management of medical dissipate. They include:
- Steam sterilization
- Microwave technology
It is required to manage medical squanders since experience these infectious agents or bio hazardous materials can cause causing diseases. The process to handle sharps is reusable sharps containers. These containers are taken up a permitted medical waste transfer station or off-site treatment facility for processing. These containers is effective in reducing the medical squander stream by taking out the weight of the single-use container.
A medical waste may be discharged with no treatment to a public sewage system when not bio hazardous material. It is usually liquid or semi liquid but must not contain any hazardous gases, infectious agents, blood or blood products. The liquid may be treated by the chemical disinfection process prior to being discharged in case it contains bio hazardous waste elements.