Graphics is often a profession whose customers are the action of designing, programming, that will create visual communications, generally manufactured by industrial means and that will convey specific messages to specific social groups, which has a clear purpose. This is the activity so that graphically communicate ideas, facts and values processed and synthesized regarding form and communication, social, cultural, economic, aesthetic and technological. Also referred to as visual communication design, because some associate the word figure and then the printing industry, and know that visual messages are channeled through many media, not merely print.
In the massive and rapid growth in the exchange of info, the requirement for designers is bigger than previously, particularly due to the development of new technology as well as the need to pay attention to the human factors which can be past the competence of engineers who develop them.
Some classifications are widely used graphics: advertising design, editorial design, corporate identity design, web design, packaging design, typographic design, signage design, multimedia design, among others.
Graphic Design History
The phrase the graphic design profession is very recent, with what concerns their preparation, their activities and goals. To find out no consensus about the exact date with the birth of graphics, some dating in the interwar period. Others understand that actually starts to identify as a result for the late nineteenth century.
Arguably specific graphic communications purposes get their origin in Paleolithic cave paintings and also the birth of written language within the third millennium BC. C. But the variants working methods and training required auxiliary sciences are in ways that it is not simple to clearly know the current graphic designer with prehistoric man, with xylograph fifteenth century or the lithographer 1890.
The range of opinion reflects the fact some see as being a product of graphic design and all sorts of other graphical demonstration only those that arise because of the use of a single of commercial production, those visual manifestations which were "projected" contemplating needs of different types: productive symbolic ergonomic contextual etc.
A page in the Book of Kells: Folio 114, with decorated text contains the Tunc dicit illis. A good example of art and page layout from the Ancient.
It of Kells - A Bible handwritten richly illustrated by Irish monks inside the ninth century CE-is for some a tropical and early instance of graphics concept. It's a graphic demonstration of great artistic value, excellent, knowning that even a model for finding out how to design-for even surpasses in quality to numerous with the current-editorial productions, plus from your functional perspective contemporary This graphic piece reacts to all needs presented the c's of people who managed to get, however others feel that it could be graphic design product, since they understand that their design just isn't adjusted to the concept of current graphics project.
A history of typography-and by transitive, and also the good the book-is closely linked to graphic design, this might be with there being virtually no graphics designs that do not include such items graphics. Hence, when talking regarding the good reputation for graphic design, typography also cited the Trajan column, medieval miniatures, Johannes Gutenberg's printing press, the evolution with the book industry, the posters Parisian Arts Movement and Crafts (Arts and Crafts), William Morris, Bauhaus, etc.. "
The roll-out of movable type by Johannes Gutenberg made books cheaper to make, and facilitate their dissemination. The 1st printed books (incunabula) scored the role model towards the 20th century. Graphic design with this era has become known as Old Style (specially the typefaces which these early typographers used), or Humanist, due to predominant philosophical school of the time.
After Gutenberg, no significant changes were seen before the late nineteenth century, specially in Britain, there was an attempt to make a clear division between the fine and applied arts.
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