Hip-hop music is the vehicle of hip-hop culture possesses "rapping" (superimposed with vocals) by emcees. Because of this, hip-hop music is sometimes known as "rap music," However, those who dismiss hip-hop as rap music do not comprehend its rich background the influence this genre of music has on youth culture.
Hip-hop music can be a vehicle utilised by the singers to address racism, oppression, and poverty issues. It narrates tales of inner city African-Americans living the American dream (through efforts, courage and determination one can possibly achieve prosperity) from the bottom up, and bitterly touches upon racism, broken homes, and overcoming adversity.
Invented by Jamaican migrant DJ Kool Herc during the early 70s in New york, it's got ever since then spread its tentacles across the world. Herc shifted from reggae records to funk, rock and disco. Owing to the fast percussive breaks, he started extending them using an audio mixer as well as records. Because the unique style of music has been a hit, performers (emcees) began superimposing the background music with vocals; initially, they introduced themselves while others from the audience. Later, the rapping became more diverse, incorporating brief rhymes, often with a sexual or violent theme, in an attempt to entertain the target audience.
From the mid-1970s, hip-hop separated into two groups. One devoted to having the crowd dancing, another highlighted rapid-fire rhymes. The 1980s witnessed further diversification in hip-hop; highly metaphoric lyrics rapping over multi-layered beats replaced simple vocals. In the 90s, gangsta rap (glorified outlaw lifestyle) became mainstream. Hip-hop was soon a fundamental element of mainstream music, and virtually all the pop songs featured an underlying portion of hip-hop.
Inside the 90s and in to the following decade, portions of hip-hop were integrated into diverse genres of music: hip-hop soul combined hip-hop and soul music; in the Dominican Republic, a recording by Santi Y Sus Duendes and Lisa M was coined "Meren-rap," a fusion of hip-hop and meringue. In Europe, Africa, and Asia, hip-hop has undergone a transition from an underground occurrence towards the mainstream market.