This is the first prayer for the day at dawn. Islamic tradition distinguishes two different times for dawn: when the daybreak appears in the horizon, rather vertical (much like the "tail of your wolf" as tradition says), then, following this daybreak disappears, when the light with the early day spreads horizontally throughout the horizon.
The first dawn is named "Subh Kadhib" or "Fajr-al-Mustateel" as well as the second "Subh Sadiq" or "Fajr-al-Mustatir". Fajr will be prayed on the second dawn, Subh Sadiq. However, once we explain below, adjustments must be designed for higher latitudes the place that the glow of the day never disappears in summer rather than appears in the wintertime.
Zuhr or Duhur:
The midday prayer just as the sun declines after having reached its highest position above (zenith). Zuhr is prayed a few minutes after zenith.
The mid-afternoon prayer. Enough time of the prayer is decided in line with the length of the shadow of a stick planted in the earth. According to the major schools of jurisprudence in Islam: Maliki, Shafi'I, Hanbali, Hanafi and Ja'afriyah (Shia), along the shadow regarding that of the stick is calculated differently (factors varying from or two). We give beneath the specifics of these various options. Every one of these traditions are legitimate and worthy of respect. We leave the option of the school to the user.
The prayer at sunset. However, physical factors like refraction and in addition material factors the peak of an building in a city or even the spread with this city lead us to fix time on this prayer 3 minutes as soon as the theoretical use of sunset as it appears in newspapers. The Shia tradition sets the Maghrib prayer 17 minutes following your theoretical setting of the sun. Within our tables, we have retained just the first option: 3 minutes after sunset.
The evening prayer later in the day. Just like for Fajr, Islamic tradition distinguishes double of dusk, both called "Shafaq". After sunset, the sun is first ablaze which has a red colour. This really is "Shafaq al Ahmar". Later, the red colour disappears, leaving room for any whiteness with the sky. This is "Shafaq al Abyad". The duration of these phases increases with altitude. The major schools of Islam fix the Isha prayer either on the disappearance of Shafaq al Ahmar or on the disappearance of Shafaq al Abyad. Both traditions are legitimate and, like for Asr, we leave current debts the person. However, in terms of Fajr, adjustments should be made for Isha at higher latitudes when Shafaq al Abyad rarely disappears in summer. In these cases we can easily either make use of a combination of Shafaq al Ahmar and Shafaq al Abyad called "Shafaq General" or use other techniques that contain the consensus of the Islamic community. We are going to explain these procedures within the following.
Let us note one further point: whereas the prayer times for Zuhr, Asr and Maghrib are rather well defined inside the Holy Koran as well as in the Hadiths, thereby allow a precise mathematical formulation, such is not the case with Fajr and Isha. The description of in both the Koran and in the Hadiths leaves a margin of interpretation, so because of this for several formulations. That is why, we take good care with what follows to explain the technique we have adopted to be able to calculate both of these moments of prayer specially.